To monitor adherence within the aviation system to any regulatory requirements, CAD provides the following services in accordance with Civil Aviation Act 2014. The Minister responsible for Civil Aviation establishes rules for the aviation participants that ensure that it meets its international obligations as per Section 40 of the Act. The Rules set the minimum standards for entering, and operating within the system. It is best interests of all aviation participants to perform to a standard above the minimum.
Granting of aviation documents
To operate within the aviation industry, an individual or organization must be granted an aviation document.
The Director grants aviation documents such as
- pilots licence
- operating certificate
- aircraft registration
- engineer licence
- air traffic licence
- or aerodrome certificate
once they demonstrate that they meet the standards set in the Rules.
To continue operating within the aviation industry, the aviation document holder must continue to demonstrate to CAD that it complies with all the Rule requirements.
For instance, Individuals licence holders and are also checked regularly. Aircraft undergo regular airworthiness checks, and those used in commercial aviation operators are subject to additional tailored maintenance requirements. All aircraft may be repaired under the authority of a licence aircraft engineer, and only authorised parts may be used. Operators are checked regularly to ensure that they uphold the standards when they enter the aviation industry.
Suspension and revocation of aviation documents
If the aviation document holder fails to demonstrate compliance with the Rules, they may be removed from the system or have conditions imposed on their operations. In less serious cases, safety breaches may be addressed through education, support and advice.
However the Director for Civil Aviation has the power to revoke aviation documents and to ensure that they comply with the requirements of the Act and Rules.
Once the aviation document has been revoked or suspended, the holders must start the entire certification process again from the beginning if they wish to re-enter the system. Their past actions may have significant impact on whether they are granted with aviation document
Resolution of Safety Concerns
CAD also investigates aviation accidents and serious incidents for board range of purpose under the Civil Aviation Act 2014. The primary role of such activity is to determine the circumstances and causes of any accidents or serious incidents, with a view of avoiding similar occurrences in the future, rather than to ascribe blame to any person.
However, if a safety investigation shows that a participant has deliberately endangered people or property, CAD may consider law enforcement action.
To assist the CAD with its services, Tonga may delegate such tasks to Pacific Aviation Safety Office (PASO) under the Pacific Island State Safety and Security Treaty (PICASST) as CAD see fit.